When to take the pregnancy test

Woman looking at a pregnancy test

When to take a pregnancy test? Any symptoms before the alleged menstruation can give hope for the arrival of the stork. Here’s when to take the pregnancy test to get a sure result

When to take a pregnancy test

Women who try to have a baby, every month, when menstruation approaches , experience this period with anxiety and expectations. Any symptom or disorder other than usual bodes well that the stork has finally knocked on the door. And you can’t wait to take the test to find out if the pregnancy has begun or if you have to postpone everything to the next month.

Pregnancy test: when to take it morning or evening?

Often we read in forums dedicated to pregnancy symptoms, when it is best to take the test to see if you are pregnant or not. The test should be done in the morning as soon as you get up, fasting, with the first urine, without having drunk during the night, because at this time of the day the urine contains a higher concentration of the beta hCG hormone.

How pregnancy test works

The  pregnancy tests  sold in pharmacies are urine tests that show the presence in urine of ‘ hormone hCG  (which does not exist in a non-pregnant woman). The test (presented in the form of a stick or paper) contains antibodies that react in the presence of the pregnancy hormone. A blue line or cross appears depending on whether you are “pregnant” or “not pregnant” (the signs can be different depending on the brand). Remember: the hCG level is highest between  7 and 12 weeks of pregnancy. Then the hCG level decreases, which is also why you have less nausea after the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. Thereafter, the hormone level becomes stable throughout the pregnancy and remains stable for up to 3 weeks after delivery. 

As soon as there is conception, the embryo takes about 6-7 days to go from the fallopian tubes to the uterus, once the trophoblast (a type of particular cell in the baby) settles in the endometrium (the mucous membrane of the uterus). it begins to erode the endometrium to “take root” and then transform into the placenta. It is this tissue that will start producing the beta HCG hormone. At first there will be little and then gradually it will grow following the growth of the placenta.

How is the pregnancy test done?

The test should be done by wetting the swab under the first morning urine which is more concentrated and it is easier for the test result to be accurate, as it is possible to better calculate the presence of the pregnancy hormone. There are also tests that can be done throughout the day. After wetting the stick, it is left to dry for a few minutes and at the end it is observed: two pink lines indicate a pregnancy in progress, a single line indicates a negative result. Some tests instead of the lines have the words PREGNANT – NOT PREGNANT

Clearblue test

Clearblue is one of the most trusted pregnancy test brands. On the market we find different types of tests: the one with early detection, capable of giving the result up to 6 days before, the digital one with dating of the weeks of pregnancy and the simpler ones.

Clearblue also offers couples who are looking for a pregnancy numerous sticks and useful tools to measure the  fertile period . There is, for example, the  digital test  which also indicates the possible time of conception with weeks indicator. Here all Clearblue pregnancy tests

Best pregnancy test

Most home pregnancy tests promise 99% reliability. The mechanism of action is very simple: the stick is composed of a sheet with a chemical reagent that is activated only in the presence of Beta hormones. Given the simplicity of the test, most of the household ones that we can buy at the pharmacy at a low cost are reliable. Of course, if we want a better pregnancy test, we can opt for those that are also equipped with a pregnancy week calculator (which are evaluated on the basis of the levels of Beta present in the urine).

Negative pregnancy test

For some women who have been trying to get pregnant, perhaps for a long time, the monthly pregnancy test appointment can be a nerve-wracking and stressful time. Especially if the test is always negative. This is why it is important to remain calm and not turn the desire for a child into an obsessive thought.

False negative

It may happen that the home pregnancy test turns out to be negative even if there is actually a pregnancy in progress. In this case we speak of “false negative”: if the cycle still does not occur, it is advisable to repeat the test after a few days. The false negative can be caused by the test being done too early and the test stick still unable to detect the presence of the hormone in the urine.

Remember that most of the tests are reliable from the first day of your missed period. It can be repeated 3 days later in case of a first negative result.

False positive

It is always said that a false positive in pregnancy does not exist. The test measures the amount of a hormone that is produced by the body only when there is a pregnancy in progress. So how can you explain a positive test when there is no pregnancy? A miscarriage may have occurred in the first few days after conception (which happens in 20% of pregnancies) which then presents with blood loss similar to a menstrual cycle . Or you are taking drugs containing HCG.

Pregnancy test, after how many days can it be done?

But what is the best time to take the pregnancy test and have a safe result perhaps without getting a second light line on the test? After how many days can it be done? Surely it would be better to wait at least a week from the alleged date on which the menstruation should have arrived. Especially if you have a regular period, a one-week delay could be a sign of pregnancy, even if it’s not 100% sure. But not all mothers looking for a baby can wait that long and often can’t wait to take the test.

Early pregnancy test, the risks

But an early pregnancy test could give a false result . Do-it-yourself pregnancy tests, or sticks that you buy at the pharmacy, detect the hCG hormone present in the urine. Many sticks are able to calculate the presence of this hormone (sign of pregnancy) as early as 2 weeks after conception. But in some cases, perhaps, there may have been a delay in ovulation  and then taking the test too early could give negative results. A negative test , however, does not give the certainty that there is no pregnancy in progress: it is easy for a false negative to happen. So you should take the test again after a week.

The reds do not arrive, but the DIY test continues to be negative or is it not very clear? Try blood tests to measure the beta hCG dosage . This test, in case of positivity, should be repeated even after a few days, to check the increase in the concentration of the hormone in the blood, which indicates the correct start of pregnancy .

Blood test

The blood beta HCG test  should only be done if prescribed by the doctor, this is to check the progress of the pregnancy after problems have arisen or there has been a threat of loss, if the doctor suspects an ectopic pregnancy , if there are particular indications for monitoring the woman’s health

To compare the correct growth of human gonadotropin, the values ​​follow approximately these ranges, but it is not certain that if they do not follow them perfectly, the pregnancy is not continuing as it should

  •  double every 2 days for values ​​up to 1200 IU / l
  •  double every 3 days for values ​​from 1200 IU / l to 6000 IU / l
  •  double every 4 days for values ​​above 6000 IU / l

Where to find pregnancy tests

The most common sticks are also on sale in drugstores and shopping centers, while the more elaborate and sophisticated ones can be found in pharmacies. It is also possible to buy pregnancy tests online, the important thing is to rely on online stores that clearly have the stamp of the Ministry of Health which authorizes them to sell drugs and medical devices. A doctor’s prescription is not required.

Cost

Costs  range from about $7 for 2 stick tests and therefore allow you to do a new test a few days after the first, especially useful for false negative indication.

Pregnancy test history

Finally, here are some curiosities . Modern pregnancy tests found widespread use in the late 1970s, although they weren’t as accurate as they are today. Before the advent of these tests, the only reliable “test” was to wait. But since ancient times, many ways have been used, we do not know how reliable, to know if there was a pregnancy in progress. For example, in Egypt the woman had to put her urine in two separate containers where wheat and barley had been sown . If nothing had grown, the woman was not pregnant . If wheat came first, it would have been a female, while in the case of barley it would have been a male.

Symptoms of pregnancy or premestual syndrome?

In addition to the actual pregnancy tests, try to ” listen ” to your body and notice all those symptoms that are related to pregnancy . Very often these are symptoms similar to those of the premenstrual phase and it is easy to confuse them. But if you have a thorough understanding of your body , you may be able to notice some differences. In some women the first symptoms begin to be perceived already after a week from conception, while in others they occur only around 6/8 weeks of pregnancy, and still others do not notice any symptoms or any particular and different conditions from the usual.

Symptoms of pregnancy, the most frequent

What are all these pregnancy symptoms?

  •  The first symptom is obviously the missed menstrual cycle, amenorrhea . But already in the days preceding the presumed arrival of menstruation, episodes of malaise related to pregnancy can occur. So watch out for these signs!
  •  About a week after conception or a few days before your period, you may experience small blood losses, which are called implantation losses . They typically last for a day or two and may be accompanied by general malaise, breast tenderness, and pain in the belly. Implant losses, however, do not happen to all women.
  •  During the first 3 months of pregnancy, whitish discharge may also occur . If you notice an increase in losses, therefore, it could be the sign that there is a pregnancy in progress, especially if you generally do not suffer from it in the period before the arrival of your period. These losses are called leucorrhea and are caused by the change in estrogen production which increases with the onset of pregnancy. In some cases they can be so abundant as to have the impression of “having it under ” or that the period has arrived and some women have to resort to panty liners. The leaks, however, could also be caused by an infection, so they alone do not prove that there is an ” interesting state “.”.
  •  Other symptoms include breast pain , which can begin as early as a few weeks after conception, but can also be confused with PMS.
  •  A general sense of fatigue , present from the first weeks after conception, and a greater need for sleep than usual (it is a bit like the body needs to accumulate energy in view of all the changes that a pregnancy leads to)
  •  Lower back pain morning sickness, which usually appears from 2 to 8 weeks after conception and ends in the third month of pregnancy (there are however women who do not suffer from it at all and others, less fortunate, who suffer from it for all nine months)
  •  Sensitivity to some smells or tastes
  • Frequent headache , which can appear in the first weeks of pregnancy and is caused by the increase in hormones in the body
  •  Constant urge to pee, which is caused by progesterone, which relaxes the bladder muscles and limits the ability to hold urine
  • Constipation , which is always caused by the presence of progesterone
  • Cravings for specific foods , sweet or salty
  •  Sense of tension in the lower abdomen
  •  Sudden change of mood.

When to take a pregnancy test after intercourse?

The pregnancy test should be done from the first day of delayed menstruation or at least 2 weeks after intercourse considered to be unsafe

Pregnancy test in the morning or in the evening?

The test should be done in the morning as soon as you get up, fasting, with the first urine, without having drunk during the night, because at this time of the day the urine contains a higher concentration of the Beta hCG hormone

How does the pregnancy test work?

It is necessary to keep the pregnancy test under the urine stream for a few seconds or alternatively the indicator can be immersed in the urine collected in a container. A sign appears within minutes, depending on whether the test is positive or negative. In some tests, two lines indicate that you are pregnantNegative pregnancy test when to repeat it?

If the pregnancy test is negative you can try to do it again after a week. A false negative could be caused by a low beta hCG level

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