From the first feeding of a newborn, its intestines begin to colonize various types of microflora. Bifidobacteria are predominantly populated in newborns feeding on mother’s milk, and lactobacilli are predominantly populated by artificial children. In addition to them, E. coli, bacteroids, peptostreptococci live in small quantities in the intestines of the baby. When a pathogenic pathogenic microflora enters the intestine or a large number of conditionally pathogenic balance of the intestinal flora is disturbed, dysbiosis occurs.
Symptoms of dysbiosis in infants:
– excessive gas formation;
– intestinal colic;
– constipation, alternating with diarrhea;
– discoloration of feces;
– the appearance of lumps, veins in the feces, foamy feces;
– a sharp unpleasant smell of feces.
Modern treatment of dysbiosis in infants
Before prescribing a treatment regimen, you need to do stool cultures to find out what pathogenic microflora inhabit the intestines. When identifying the causative agents of dysbiosis, identify their resistance to bacteriophages. Bacteriophages are prescribed to the child inside in individual doses. In case of insensitivity in phages, the doctor may recommend antibiotics. For accelerated elimination of pathogenic bacteria, sorbents are used.
To restore the natural balance, it is necessary to take probiotic preparations containing live bacteria. For the artificial settlement of “beneficial” bacteria, it is important to take them regularly before meals for a long course. It is preferable to breast-feed the baby, which promotes the growth of bifidobacteria. Exclusion of foods that cause allergies from the diet of a nursing mother. Compliance with hygiene rules.
All drugs for the treatment of dysbiosis are prescribed only by a doctor. Self-treatment of dysbiosis can be not only not effective, but also dangerous for the baby.