In the first year of life, a newborn will face many troubles. The most common of the troubles is an allergic reaction called diathesis. In fact, the diagnosis of diathesis does not exist. In medical practice, such rashes are called atopic dermatitis. What are the main causes, symptoms and methods of treating atopic dermatitis in infants?
Causes of Atopic Dermatitis
The main and most common cause of atopy is a genetic predisposition, that is, the baby inherited this disease from one of the parents.
There are several types of substances that cause allergic reactions:
To allergic reactions to food, most often children who are on artificial feeding are inclined. Even in our time, the time of progress and new technologies, it’s hard enough to find a good and safe baby formula. If a food allergy occurs in a baby while breastfeeding, it means that a nursing mother needs to completely review her diet and exclude potential allergenic products.
Inhaled irritants enter the body through the respiratory tract. Such allergens are especially common during the flowering period of plants. These include: poplar fluff, pollen of birches, wormwood and other plants.
As often as the fault of food allergens, the appearance of dermatitis against contact irritants is common. This may be a reaction of the body to low-quality and synthetic fabric used when sewing clothes for the baby. In addition, washing powders, diapers and more can become a strong irritant.
Treatment of atopic dermatitis in infants
In order to cure this type of dermatitis, it is necessary to exclude the allergen itself. It can only be calculated by trial and error, since an analysis such as allergy tests is not informative in children under 3 years old. It is also worth noting that initially it is extremely important to visit an allergist and take an analysis for dysbiosis, because allergic reactions can be caused by problems with the intestines.
Further, to alleviate the condition of the baby, ointments, creams and aerosols are used to relieve skin irritation. In addition, in most cases, the doctor prescribes the use of antihistamines and often absorbent, in order to remove the allergen from the body. In cases where antihistamines do not help, the doctor prescribes hormonal ointments that quickly relieve irritation symptoms.
You need to know that atopic dermatitis in infants with proper treatment is not a life sentence – it is quite possible to cure it and prevent further development.